What will happen if the Amazon forest Disappeared
Now in the main news is Amazon forest fire.
- The majority of the forest is contained within Brazil, with 60% of the rainforest, followed by Peru with 13%, Colombia with 10%, and with minor amounts Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.
- Four nations have called as “Amazonas” as the name of one of their first-level administrative regions and France uses the name “Guiana Amazonian Park” for its rainforest protected area.
- The Amazon represents over half of the planet’s remaining rainforests,and comprises the largest and most biodiverse tract of tropical rainforest in the world,
- With an estimated 390 billion individual trees divided into 16,000 species.
- The deforestation 1970s, in Brazil alone, it comprised 1.54 million square miles.
- It’s been declining steadily ever since, destroyed bit by bit by illegal logging, soy plantations, and cattle ranching, according to Greenpeace.
- In 2018, Brazil’s portion of the rainforest stood at 1.274 million square, but with a new, anti-environment government in power in the country, that figure is predicted by eco-watchers to plummet, quickly.
- The Amazon holds a whopping 10 percent of all the plant and animals species known to exist on our planet. About 30 million people call it home, 2.7 million of whom are indigenous.
- This rainforest also stores 100 billion metric tons of carbon and, according to the World Wildlife Federation
“Deforestation can reduce rainfall over a wide region, even as it spurs increased rainfall in the immediate area where that deforestation took place,” Scientific American reports. “Deforestation in the Amazon could sharply reduce rainfall in non forested parts of southern Brazil, a rich agricultural area, as well as Paraguay and Uruguay…” and beyond.
Less rain also means there’s less water for agriculture—ironic, since “rainfall in the Amazon also helps supply water to the very soy farmers and beef ranchers who are clearing the forest,” according to National Geographic. Droughts will only worsen as more trees are cleared, threatening food and drinking water supplies.
Greenhouse Gases presence increase
The “tremendous quantities of planet-warming greenhouse gases” would be released, says National Geographic. As tropical forest researcher Adriane Esquivel-Muelbert told the magazine, “If we mess up with the Amazon, carbon dioxide emissions will increase so massively that everyone will suffer.” Namely, with poorer air quality and hotter global temperatures.
Amazon is seeing reduced rainfall by some 25 percent in some regions, and when rains do arrive they result in massive amounts of flooding. This scenario—drier and longer dry spells followed by increasing upticks in flooding— would only intensify if the rainforest were to disappear. And not just rain but the region’s the overall climate, writes National Geographic, “is oscillating more wildly…[and] the consequences will be felt far and wide.”
Amazon holds a rich array of the life that exists on Earth, and an average of one new species is being discovered each day. Already in 2012, It was ringing the alarm bell about threatened and endangered species, reporting that “many face a slow…death sentence as their breeding rates fall and competition for food becomes more intense.” Destroy the Amazon and much of that diversity goes with it.
As Rainforest Trust highlights on its website, almost 90 percent of human diseases are treatable with prescription drugs that were derived from things in nature, like snake venom, molds, and a shrub called periwinkle—some of which have their origins in the Amazon.
Bigger, longer fires
The loss of the Amazon’s trees, which has sparked a loss of rain and an increase in drought conditions, has led to an increase in fires that are bigger than ever and that burn for much longer than their predecessors.