What is the new national education policy 2020
After 34 years India made a major reform in the education system. On Wednesday 07/29/2020 after the 6 years of deliberation the government of India finally unveiled the new National education policy 2020.
Highlights of the education policy
- The policy covers from play school to college education.
- It aims to transform education for almost 300 million students in India.
- It seek to ramp up public investment in the education from 4.4% of Indian GDP to 6%.
- Revokes the 10 + 2 structure and applies the 5+3+3+4 = 15 one for schooling.
- Vocational training post grade 6 which include a 10 day internship with local experts.
- Abolishing of streams like science and humanities with complete freedom to choose across subject.
- Makes board exam less important and easier.Allows retakes in case students wish to improve their score.
What is 5 + 3 + 3 + 4= 15?
Earlier we had the ‘k+2’ or ’10+2 system which basically meant 10 years of primary and secondary education plus 2 years of higher secondary education.All in all, 12 years of schooling
The new structure is 5+3+3+4 which is equal to 15 years. Wait, so the government add 3 years of school education in the new policy?
Already do 15 years of school education the first 3 years in play-school! They only brought play-schools into the ambit of formal education.
So what the new policy mean?
These numbers represent ‘development stages’ in children and the new structure divides education according to these.
First 5 years:
For the first 5 years, children aged 3 to 8 years will enter the foundational stage.This is the time maximum brain development takes place The curriculum will focus on learning languages,playing, and activities.
Next 3 years: (Class 3- Class 5)
In class 3, the focus will shift to discovery, and interaction-based classroom learning.Linguistic and numeracy skills will be honed at this stage The language of instruction will preferably be the mother-tongue up till grade 5 at least.Languages are to be taught to students, but 2/3 need to be native to India.
Next 3 years: (Class 6-Class 8)
The students will now focus on experiential learning in the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences and humanities. They will also be taught vocational skills like carpentry or pottery, and will have to complete
a 10-day internship with local experts!
Next 4 years: (Class 9- Class 12
Here, students get to pick their subjects according to their liking and there is no more a particular stream one has to pursue. Hence, one can enjoy physics with history and similar leverage is given in vocational courses
and extra-curricular activities. Board exams have become easier and their importance has also been decreased. Students can also retake them for an improved score!
1.There will an optional standardized exam like the SAT for admissions in
higher educational institutes.Once you enroll you drop out you get some qualification for the time you have attended. The min. is a year for a certificate.
2.Once you enroll, you drop out you get some qualification for the time you have attended. The min. is a year for a certificate.
3.Credits will be recorded for classes in an Academic Bank of Credit and can be transferred later.
4.Colleges need to become multidisciplinary and teach multiple streams of subjects under one roof.
Admission & Qualification
The National Testing Agency (NTA) will be charged with conducting an optional, standardised entrance exam for admissions into higher educational institutes across the country.
Once students enroll, if they choose to drop out, their qualification depends on the number of
1 year= certificate
2 years= diploma
3/4 years= degreee
4 years+ research= eligibility for a PhD
Credits and Subjects
An ‘Academic Bank of Credit’ will store the academic credits that students earn by taking courses from recognised colleges. These credits can be transferred in case students wish to change universities. Moreover, if you drop out and wish to continue studying later-the credits remain intact.
With regard to subjects, colleges are now expected to be multidisciplinary and teach everything from arts and science to management and computer studies under one roof. By 2040, the government seeks to phase out single-stream institutions in favour of this model.
The Committee for Draft National Education Policy
1 K. Kasturirangan Chairman
Former Chairman, ISRO
Honorary Distinguished Scientific Advisor, ISRO
Ex- Member of Parliament (nominated Rajya Sabha)
Raman Research Institute, Bengaluru
2 Vasudha Kamat Member
Former Vice-Chancellor, SNDT Women’s University,
3 K.J. Alphons Member
(discontinued on assuming office as Union Minister of State
for Electronics and Information Technology, Culture, and Tourism
since 3 September 2017)
4 Manjul Bhargava Member
R. Brandon Fradd Professor of Mathematics, Princeton University
5 Ram Shankar Kureel Member
Former Founder Vice Chancellor of Baba Saheb Ambedkar
University of Social Sciences Madhya Pradesh
6 T.V. Kattimani Member
Indira Gandhi National Tribal University
Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh
7 Krishna Mohan Tripathy Member
Director of Education (Secondary) and Former Chairperson of Uttar
Pradesh High School and Intermediate Examination Board
Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
8 Mazhar Asif Member
Centre for Persian and Central Asian Studies,
School of Language, Literature and Culture Studies
Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
9 M.K. Sridhar Member
Former Member Secretary, Karnataka Knowledge Commission
10 Rajendra Pratap Gupta Member
(co-opted member resigned in December 2017)
Former Advisor to Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare
Government of India
11 Shakila T. Shamsu Secretary
OSD(NEP), Department of Higher Education
Ministry of Human Resource Development, New Delhi